Southern Highbush

Low Chill Varieties

Southern Highbush varieties are considered best suited for climates where summers are generally hotter and chilling hours fall well below 1,000 per year.  

The estimated minimum chilling requirement (number of hours under 45°F in winter) is listed for each variety. Our subjective evaluations are compiled with the most recent information from growers throughout the world.  Most Southern Highbush varieties are not self-fertile.  For highest production and largest berry size, alternate blocks of varieties to achieve cross-pollinization.

Varieties are listed in order of ripening based on average ripening for the Central Valley of California.  Ripening time will vary depending on the climate in which they are grown.

 


 


Denotes varieties produced by Fall Creek Genetics and exclusive to Fall Creek Farm & Nursery, Inc.

Denotes varieties licensed to Fall Creek Farm & Nursery, Inc. Please refer to our Variety Charts for license details.

 

  Berries Bush Primary Use
Variety Season Size Qualities Habit Chilling
Southern Highbush
Snowchaser
U.S. Plant Patent 19,503
Firm, Good Flavor, Medium Blue Medium Vigor, Rounded
Snowchaser is the earliest ripening Southern Highbush. For California, this means harvest in April and early May. Snowchaser grows vigorously, has good berry quality, flavor, and high yields of medium sized fruit. With its low chill requirement Snowchaser has a tendency to fall-flower, and also bloom early in the spring. Springhigh and Emerald may be the best pollination companions. Although not recommended for the Southeast due to stem blight susceptibility, we continue to recommend Snowchaser for commercial plantings in California that target the earliest fresh market window. Licensor: Florida Foundation Seed Producers, Inc. Exclusive Territory(s): US - Western States (WA, OR, CA, AZ), Republic of South Africa, Argentina, Uruguay Non-Exclusive Territory(s): US - All Other States
Southern Highbush
Springhigh
U.S. Plant Patent 16,404

Dark Blue, Medium Firm, Pleasant Flavor

Highly Vigorous, Upright

Springhigh adds to the “super-early” collection, reaching 50% ripe about seven days before Star. The large, flavorful, berries tend to be dark in color and should be harvested when just ripe to retain firmness. Although Springhigh is quite self fruitful, planting with other early to mid season varieties is still suggested. We continue to recommend Springhigh for new plantings where the earliest fresh markets are targeted.
Licensor:  Florida Foundation Seed Producers, Inc.  Exclusive Territory(s): US - Western States (WA, OR, CA, AZ), Republic of South Africa, Argentina, Uruguay   Non-Exclusive Territory(s): US - All Other States

Southern Highbush
Suziblue
U.S. Plant Patent 21,167

Firm, Medium Blue, Mild Flavor

Medium Vigor, Rounded

Suziblue is an early ripening, newly released variety from the University of Georgia. It is notable for its high yields (slightly higher than Star), easy picking, and uniform appearance. The cluster can potentially be tight so we recommend picking early to keep the fruit from being deformed. We recommend Suziblue for commercial trials in California and other areas where Star or Springhigh are grown.
Fall Creek is licensed to sell Suziblue throughout the entire U.S.

Southern Highbush
Ventura
U.S. Plant Patent Pending
Firm, Medium Blue Highly Vigorous, Upright

New! Exclusive to Fall Creek Variety Solutions, Ventura is the first Southern Highbush release from the Fall Creek Variety Solutions program. It is a vigorous upright plant and has produced high yields of early ripening fruit at our research trial sites. The berries are large sized, firm, medium blue in color and ripen shortly after Snowchaser. Fruit is firmer than Springhigh with thicker skin and lighter color. Ventura is recommended for commercial trials in all low to medium chill growing regions that target the earliest high quality fresh markets.

Southern Highbush
Rebel
U.S. Plant Patent 18,138

Firm, Light Blue, Mild Flavor

Spreading, Vigorous

Rebel has gained interest in Georgia due to its strong growth, reliable early harvest 6-8 days before Star, and firm uniform fruit. Production in young plantings has been very good, surpassing Star. It is important to stay ahead on harvest, as the flavor of Rebel can become quite bland if allowed to hang on the bush too long. We recommend Rebel for trial in California and for commercial plantings in the Southeast.
Licensor:  University of Georgia Research Foundation, Inc.  Exclusive Territory(s): Chile, Argentina, Uruguay, Europe, North Africa, Republic of South Africa,    Non-Exclusive Territory(s): US - All States

Southern Highbush
Scintilla
U.S. Plant Patent 19,233

Firm & Sweet, Outstanding Flavor & Aroma

Upright, Vigorous

Recently introduced, Scintilla has gained interest for its large, sky blue, high quality and exceptional flavored berries. Scintilla has moderate yields of fruit borne on loose, easily picked clusters and ripens just before Star. We recommended Scintilla for commercial trials in all low to medium chill sites wherever Southern Highbush can be grown.
Licensor:  Florida Foundation Seed Producers, Inc.  Exclusive Territory(s): US - Western States (WA, OR, CA, AZ), Republic of South Africa, Argentina, Uruguay   Non-Exclusive Territory(s): US - All Other States

Southern Highbush
Farthing
U.S. Plant Patent 19,341

Crisp Firmness, Firm, Mild Tart Flavor

Round & Compact, Uniform Growth

Farthing is an early ripening, newly-released variety that has gained interest for its high yields, strong and compact growth habit, disease resistance and machine harvest potential. The berries of Farthing are dark in color and can become small in size with a large percentage of red backs if plants are allowed to over crop. We recommend Farthing for commercial trials in the Southern region.
Licensor:  Florida Foundation Seed Producers, Inc.  Exclusive Territory(s): US - Western States (WA, OR, CA, AZ), Republic of South Africa, Argentina, Uruguay   Non-Exclusive Territory(s): US - All Other States

Southern Highbush
Star
U.S. Plant Patent 10,675

Medium Blue, Outstanding Quality, Sweet

Moderately Vigorous, Upright

Star continues to be one of the leading Southern Highbush varieties. It is a strong growing plant and has dependable berry quality. Star features good concentration of ripening and is easy to harvest by hand with most of the berries coming off in two pickings. Drawbacks with Star are the susceptibility to botrytis during wet springs and fruit cracking with heavy rains during ripening. We recommended Star for commercial plantings, in medium chill sites wherever Southern Highbush can be grown.
Licensor:  Florida Foundation Seed Producers, Inc.  Exclusive Territory(s): US - Western States (WA, OR, CA, AZ), Republic of South Africa, Argentina, Uruguay   Non-Exclusive Territory(s): US - All Other States, Chile, Mexico

Southern Highbush
Oneal

Dark Blue, Very Sweet

Medium Vigor, Round & Spreading

Oneal has been planted extensively in California, Chile and Argentina, and is still a leading variety in its home state of North Carolina. Recently, its popularity has waned as newer varieties have been introduced. Good cultural practices are needed for optimum performance.

Southern Highbush
Jewel
U.S. Plant Patent 11,807

Light Blue, Slightly Tart Flavor

Highly Vigorous, Upright

Jewel has become one of the leading Southern Highbush varieties throughout California and in Central Florida due to its adaptability, exceptional growth, record yields and large fruit. First harvest is usually a few days after Star and lasts three to four weeks. Plant Jewel with other midseason varieties for best pollination. By limiting fertilization and harvesting more frequently, growers have been able to reduce soft fruit issues. Jewel is recommended for commercial production in areas of low to medium chill.
Licensor:  Florida Foundation Seed Producers, Inc.  Exclusive Territory(s): US - Western States (WA, OR, CA, AZ), Republic of South Africa, Argentina, Uruguay   Non-Exclusive Territory(s): US - All Other States, Chile

Southern Highbush
Emerald
U.S. Plant Patent 12,165

Firm, Medium Blue, Mild Flavor

Spreading, Vigorous

Emerald has also become one of the leading Southern Highbush varieties throughout California and in much of the Southeast. Highly productive, mild in flavor, Emerald maintains good fruit size through a long harvest period and requires multiple pickings. It blooms early and can be vulnerable in frost prone sites. We highly recommend Emerald for commercial plantings in all low to medium chill areas where it is suited.
Licensor:  Florida Foundation Seed Producers, Inc.  Exclusive Territory(s): US - Western States (WA, OR, CA, AZ), Republic of South Africa, Argentina, Uruguay   Non-Exclusive Territory(s): US - All Other States

Southern Highbush
Abundance
U.S. Plant Patent 16,476

Crisp Firmness, Excellent Flavor, Medium Blue

Highly Vigorous, Upright

Abundance is a midseason variety selected for its high production and strong, upright growth. Abundance shows promise for mechanical harvesting as it presents the crispy-textured berries in long, exposed clusters.
Licensor:  Florida Foundation Seed Producers, Inc.  Exclusive Territory(s): US - Western States (WA, OR, CA, AZ), Republic of South Africa, Argentina, Uruguay   Non-Exclusive Territory(s): US - All Other States

Southern Highbush
Misty

Firm, Mild Sweet Flavor

Upright, Vigorous

Misty has been planted extensively in California in the past decade, but has been largely been replaced by newer varieties. Misty is still planted as a pollinator in low or no-chill regions or where other varieties are not licensed. It must be pruned heavily to avoid over-cropping.

Southern Highbush
Biloxi

Excellent Flavor, Light Blue, Very Firm

Spreading, Vigorous

Biloxi is notable for its bushy growth habit and high quality berries with excellent flavor. Yields have been disappointing in areas with chilling above 150 hours. Biloxi is recommended for low or no-chill regions where the bush can be grown fully evergreen.

Southern Highbush
San Joaquin
U.S. Plant Patent 19,342

Firm, Guava Flavor, Light Blue

Upright, Vigorous

San Joaquin is a mid-season, upright, vigorous growing bush with an open growth habit. Harvest begins 7-10 days after Star. The berries are large and firm, uniform in size and very light blue in color, with a pleasing flavor. San Joaquin is a strong candidate for mechanical harvest for growers looking to substantially reduce costs during peak production. We recommend San Joaquin for commercial planting in the Central Valley of California and for limited trial in other areas.
Licensor:  Florida Foundation Seed Producers, Inc.  Exclusive Territory(s): US - Western States (WA, OR, CA, AZ), Republic of South Africa, Argentina, Uruguay   Non-Exclusive Territory(s): US - All Other States

Southern Highbush
Camellia
U.S. Plant Patent 18,151

Excellent Aroma, Excellent Flavor, Firm, Sky Blye

Moderate Vigor, Upright

Camellia is a midseason variety that was selected for its uniformly large, sky blue berries that have excellent flavor and aroma. Our early observations here in the West show Camellia to be a heavy producer of medium vigor. In the southeast region, Camellia blooms 8 days later but ripens only 3 days after Star. Camellia can be planted with Star and Legacy as possible pollination choices. We recommend Camellia for commercial planting where a superior flavored variety is desired.
Licensor:  University of Georgia Research Foundation, Inc.  Exclusive Territory(s): Chile,  Argentina, Uruguay, Europe, North Africa, Republic of South Africa,    Non-Exclusive Territory(s): US - All States

Southern Highbush
Sharpblue

Excellent Flavor, Medium Blue

Spreading, Vigorous

Sharpblue has been largely replaced by newer varieties but is still planted as a pollinator in low or no-chill regions or where other varieties are not licensed. The harvest season is quite long and the berries can be small and difficult to pick. The bush is one of the most adaptable of all the low chill types. Care must be taken to harvest frequently to keep the quality high in hot weather as the berry can get soft.